The Department of Defence Production was set up in the Ministry of Defence in 1962 to create a self-reliant and self-sufficient, indigenous defence production base. Since 1962, 16 new Ordnance Factories have been set up. Their capacities have been augmented and modernised selectively keeping in mind the emerging requirements of the Armed Forces. All the Ordnance Factories and Defence Public Sector Undertaking (DPSUs) are engaged in the task of manufacture of equipment and stores for Defence Services. One more Ordnance Factory is being setup in Nalanda, Bihar.
Ordnance Factories Organisation
The Ordnance Factories Organization is the largest and oldest departmentally run production organization in the country and is engaged primarily in the manufacture of Defence hardware. The organization functions under the Department of Defence Production and Supplies and is a dedicated facility for manufacture of Weapons, Ammunitions, Vehicles (Armoured and Transport), Clothings, General Stores and Equipment for Defence Services. Apart from supplying to Armed Forces, wherever adequate capacities are available, the Ordnance Factories also fulfill the requirements of Paramilitary & Police Forces/Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA), Civil Trade and foreign customers. There are 39 Ordnance Factories geographically distributed all over India at 24 different locations.
Hindustan Aeronautics Limited
The Hindustan Aeronautics Limited was established in October 1964. It is engaged in the design, development, manufacture, repair and overhaul of aircraft, helicopters, engines and their accessories. The Company has 12 divisions located in six states. Its registered office is at Bangalore. HAL has evolved into a large Aeronautics Complex and has built up comprehensive skills in Design, Manufacture and overhaul of Fighters, Trainers, Helicopters, Transport Aircraft, Engines, Avionics and System Equipment. Its product tract record consists of 11 types of Aircraft from in- house R&D and 13 types by license production inclusive of 8 types of Aero Engines and over 900 items of Aircraft System Equipment (Avionics, Mechanical, and Electrical). The Company has the requisite core competence base with demonstrated potential to become a global player. The Company has exports to more than 20 countries, having demonstrated its quality and price competitiveness. It has also diversified into the field of Industrial & Marine Gas Turbine business and Real-time software business.
Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL)
The Bharat Electronics Limited, established in 1954 with its corporate office at Bangalore, has nine units in the country. It is engaged in the design, development and manufacture of sophisticated state-or-the-art electronics equipment components for the use of the defence services, para-military organisations and other governmental users such as All India Radio, Doordarshan, Department of Telecommunications, Police Wireless Departments, Meteorological Department etc. On line computerisation for material management, state-of-the-art test facilities, facilities for carrying out environment and reliability checks, electro-magnetic Interference/Electro-Magnetic Compatibility Testing facility, antenna testing facility, back-up support from standardisation technical information and documentation, computer aided design and manufacture have made BEL a modern and professional electronic company.
Bharat Earth Movers Limited (BEML)
The Bharat Earth Movers Limited was established in May 1964 and commenced operations from January 1965. BEML manufactures transmission and axles, Hydraulic control values, cylinders and pumps, diesel engines, railway coaches, rail buses, railway wagons, Alternating Current Electrical Multiple Units (ACEMUs), heavy duty all terrain multi axle trucks, earth moving machinery and Tracked military vehicles like armoured recovery vehicles, self propelled gun, tanks and other military vehicles like heavy recovery vehicles, bridge laying tank, truck based mobile bridge system, mounted gun system on truck chassis, rocket launcher system etc.
Mazagon Dock Limited (MDL)
The Mazagon Dock Limited, which was established in 1960, is the premier defence shipyard in the country, has a capacity to build warships up to 6,000 DWT and merchant ship up to 27,000 DWT. Its product range includes submarines, missile boats, destroyers, frigates and corvettes for the Indian Navy and patrol vessels for the Coast Guard. It has diversified products for the oil exploration sector through production and installation of wellhead platforms and diving services for coating/laying sub-sea pipelines.
Garden Reach Shipbuilders & Engineers Ltd (GRSE)
The Garden Reach Shipbuilders & Engineers Limited was incorporated as a joint stock company in 1934, under the name M/s Garden Reach Workshop Limited (GRW). The Government of India acquired the company in 1960 and was rechristened as “Garden Reach Shipbuilders & Engineers Limited (GRSE)”. Since then, it has grown and diversified its activities and is now a multi-unit shipyard with a Shipbuilding Division and an Engineering and Engine Division. The company builds and repairs warships and auxiliary vessels for the Navy and the Coast Guard. Its product range includes frigate carrier & oil tankers, patrol vessels, attack craft, high technology ship borne equipment, portable Bailey type steel bridges, turbine pumps for the agricultural sector, marine sewage treatment plants, diesel engines etc.
Goa Shipyard Limited (GSL)
The Goa Shipyard Limited was established in the year 1957. After the liberation of Goa, it became a Public Sector Undertaking under the Ministry of Defence in 1967. Goa Shipyard Limited builds a variety of modern, medium sized and special purpose ships for the Defence and Civil sectors.
Bharat Dynamics Limited (BDL)
BDL was established in 1970 to undertake the manufacture of guided missiles. The company has two units, one at Kanchanbagh, Hyderabad and the other at Bhanur, Medak district. The BDL started off with the production of anti-tank missiles under license from France and Russia; it is now the prime production agency for missiles developed by the Defense Research & Development Organization (DRDO). The company has a design and engineering division for developing and upgrading products required by India's armed forces. BDL has grown steadily. It currently employs about 3,222 people and its annual turnover reached $75.11 million in 1999. The BDL has drawn up a "Perspective Plan" for the period 1999-2008 to meet the future requirements of India's armed forces.
Mishra Dhatu Nigam Limited (MIDHANI)
The Mishra Dhatu Nigam Limited (MIDHANI), was incorporated as Public Sector Undertaking in 1973 at Hyderabad to achieve self-reliance in the areas of super-alloys, titanium alloys and special purpose steel required for strategic sectors like Aeronautics, Space, Armaments, Atomic Energy, Navy special products like molybdenum wires and plates, titanium and stainless steel tubes, alloys for electrical and electronic application like soft magnetic alloys controlled expansion alloys and resistance alloys.
Defence Exhibition Organisation (DEO)
The Defence Exhibition Organisation (DEO) was established in 1981 and is primarily responsible for organising and coordinating Defence Exhibitions in India and abroad. The DEO maintains a permanent Defence Pavilion at Pragati Maidan, New Delhi to provide an overview of the wide range of Defence infrastructure in the country. The DEO also assists the Deptt. of Defence Production (DDP) in vendor awareness and development programmes of the production units in cooperation with the Directorate General of Quality Assurance (DGQA).
Pursuant to the recommendations made by the Group of Ministers on Reforming the National Security System in February 2001, a separate, dedicated structure for Defence Procurement in the form of Defence Acquisition Council has been set up. It is expected to lead to better time cost management in the acquisition process, build up institutional memory and help obtain better value for money. The new arrangement would ensure closer participation by the Armed Forces in the entire process of decision making leading to higher operational efficiency, better co-ordination and flow of information. This revised concept has been brought into effect for all activities commencing Financial Year 2002-03.
Defence Offset Facilitation Agency (DOFA)
DOFA has been established under the Department of Defence Production (DDP) as a single window agency to facilitate implementation of the offset policy of the Ministry of Defence. DOFA will assist potential vendors in interfacing with the Indian defence industry for identifying potential offset products/projects as well as provide requisite data and information for this purpose.
For further details on defence trade related issues, please visit Ministry of Defence website www.mod.nic.in.